How do you know which golf club irons to use for different distances?

Almost 70% of your clubs inside of a golf bag fall in the category of Iron. Whether it is for a long-distance or short-distance golf shot, iron golf clubs have everything to offer. But it can be sometimes a little confusing to determine the exact distance you would get from a particular Iron.

Sometimes the distance also depends on your expertise and skill level. If you can make a pretty decent swing, you can always expect to get better distance with any kind of golf club.

But there is always an average chart of everything. So in this particular article, we will be sharing with you guys the expected or average distance you should get from every iron golf club.

But before we start, here are some of the basics every beginner should know about Iron-

golf club irons to use for different distances

What is an Iron Golf club?

The Iron golf club obtained its name because of its heavy-duty metal face construction. While going for an Iron golf club, muscle back and cavity back are the two primary types of Irons you would notice on the market.

The bladed construction of the muscle back Iron makes it a perfect choice for the professional golfer. This kind of Iron's bladed construction delivers enough accuracy and precision to make every professional player comfortable with the club.

On the other hand, the Cavity back type of Iron golf clubs serves the beginner or high-handicapped golfers to a great degree. They are much easier to make a convenient swing to make every amateur or beginner golfer comfortable with the club.


Woods do come with a metal face construction. But initially, they used to come with wooden construction. That is how they got such a name. Woods with a metal face is a more recent inclusion.

Understanding the Irons

Iron golf club usually comes with a number from 2 to 9. As the number increases, the length of the shaft decreases. Moreover, the loft of every club increase with the increment of the number.

That means the 3-iron will have more loft but a shorter shaft than the 2-iron.  The more the loft of the club, the less speed you are supposed to get.

How do people categorize irons?

Irons are categorized into three different sections. You surely have heard that golfers always mention their Irons as short, mid, and long. What do they actually mean by that?

Longer Irons

Well, the shorter the number of the club, the longer shaft it will have. As a result, people call them longer Iron. They usually come as a handy tool to deliver explosive distance and speed. Irons from 2 to 4 usually fall in the category of longer Iron. The most popular longer Iron is the 3-iron. You can expect to get almost 170 to 190 yards of distance through these longer Irons.


The 5-Iron and 6-iron usually fall in the category of mid-iron.  They are not that popular in the golf bag. But some people do take them inside of their golf bag to improvise their performance. You can expect to get almost 150 yards to 160 yards of distance with these Iron golf clubs.

Shorter Irons

The Iron golf clubs from 7 to 9  fall in the category of shorter Iron. They deliver excellent aid to get out from any short-distance complications on the golf course. You can expect to get almost 120 yards to 140 yards of maximum distance through these golf clubs. 

Almost in every golf bag, golfers prefer carrying a short Iron.

Iron golf club distance chart

As we know that Iron golf clubs are categorized through different numbers. In most cases, they are available with a number from 2 to 9. Here is a little chart that will show you the expected distance you should get with a particular Iron-

Iron club name



195 yards


185 yards


175 yards


165 yards


155 yards


145 yards


135 yards


120 yards.

Are wedges Iron?

Yes, wedges also fall in the category of Iron. They are usually the loftiest iron golf clubs available with pretty shorter shaft construction.

The loftiest construction with a shorter shaft construction will allow you to get essential aid in different hazards or bunkers. Besides, pitching and chipping become much easier through these wedges. 

There are four different types of wedges you would notice while going for one.  Pitching wedge, sand wedge, lob wedge, and gap wedge are the four popular wedges you would notice on the market.

We have added an article on chipper vs. wedge vs. putter on our site. If you would love to purchase a 60-degree wedge, you may also check the best 60-degree wedge reviews to get the optimum support.

Wedges distance chart

Wedge name


Pitching wedge

100 yards.

Sand wedge

85 yards.

Lob wedge

70 yards.

Gap wedge

65 yards.

What are the factors that determine the speed and distance?

Only picking up the right club is not going to deliver the appropriate distance you deserve. If you lack the skill, you cannot expect to get an explosive distance. But choosing the right club is as important as being better with your swing. 

Most professional golfers do not even care about distance. Because they know that they can ensure distance with any golf club they have. But they do give enough importance to precision and accuracy. And one of the best ways to ensure precision and accuracy is by choosing the right golf club.

How to pick the right Iron?

The first and the most important thing you need to consider while choosing an iron is your expertise level. If you are an amateur who is suffering greatly with your swing and distance, a cavity back Iron with a moderate face design will deliver the best service.

On the other hand, you can decide according to your preference when you are a better golfer. It happens so because you know what brings a good result for you and what does not.

If you are a beginner, you may also check this all-time best Mizuno Golf Iron sets to improvise your own performance.

If you are facing problems with your swing, consider changing the grip of your club. In case you are thinking about changing your Iron grip, you may check this golf grips for Iron article to get the most authentic support.

Final words

When golf started to appear in the United States, the only club people used to use were golf irons. Irons have faced some ups and downs throughout history. But it is sure that Iron will continue dominating the golf industry for some more long years ahead.

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