What are the differences between an Iron and a wedge in golf?

We all know about Irons. But when someone is talking about wedges, things become a little confusing. In reality, wedges are the shortest version of Irons. They come with the same construction material as Iron. The primary differences between an Iron and a wedge are the design and functionality.

Wedges are the shortest version of Irons. They will come with the shortest shaft and loftiest clubhead design to deliver aid while pitching or chipping the golf ball. Besides, when you will get into a hazard or bunker, wedges are the first aid gear to ask for help.

In this particular article, we will try to point out every little difference between an Iron and a Wedge so that you can always stay out of confusion. 

Let’s kick off with our process then-

differences between an Iron and wedge

Differences between an Iron and a Wedge


One of the most fundamental differences you would notice between an Iron and a wedge is the shaft. The shaft of an Iron golf club will be much longer than that of a wedge. As a result, Irons will deliver better speed and distance than a wedge. That is why we consider wedges as the shorter version of Iron. But they do deliver excellent performance when you are near the green side area. The shortest shaft design delivers excellent precision and accuracy so that you can get out of any hazards or bunkers.


We use wedges only because of the loft they deliver. They are the loftiest Irons in your golf bag. The thing that differentiates wedges from Iron is their excessive amount of loft. Typical Iron golf clubs will have loft angles from 18 degrees to 45 degrees, whereas wedges will have loft angles from 45 degrees to 60 degrees.

When you want distance, accuracy, and precision in a longer version, Iron clubs will deliver through their high-end loft delivery.

On the other hand, wedges are there to improve your shorter game performance through their delivery of excess loft angle.

We have added an article use on the 60-degree wedge, which is one of the most popular wedges most golfer loves to carry inside of their golf bag. 

Besides, you may also check this best 60-degree wedge review to get the best wedge for you from the market. 

Loft angle of Iron

Iron club name

Loft angle


18 degree


21 degree


24 degree


27 degree


31 degree


35 degree


37 degrees to 40 degrees.


40-44 degree

Loft angle of wedges

Club name

Loft angle

Pitching wedge

45 degree to 47 degree

Gap wedge

Up to 52 degrees.

Sand wedge

56 degree

Lob wedge

60 degrees to 64 degrees.


Iron golf clubs will have the number from 2 to 9. On the other hand, a wedge may come with a large alphabet stumped on the clubface. That means you may notice a big PW or P on the face of the club when it is a pitching wedge. GW, SW, and LW or G, S, L would be the marking for the rest of the wedges.

Differences between wedges

The primary difference between all the wedges is the loft angle. We classify them according to their loft angle. A wedge from 45 degrees to 47 degrees of loft is a pitching wedge. Pitching wedge is one of the most common golf wedges you would notice in most people's golf bags.

A gap wedge with 56 degrees of loft angle will come in handy to get you out from any kind of sand trap or hazards.

A Gap wedge with up to 52 degrees of loft will deliver essential support to take you onto the putting area.

Finally, the lob wedge is a versatile wedge that can be used in numerous positions.

We have also added an article on Golf chipper vs. wedge vs. putter. If you are having a tough to differentiate between these clubs, you had better check that article to broaden your outlook.

Differences between longer and shorter irons

The main differences between the longer and shorter Irons are the shaft and loft. Shorter Irons will have a shorter shaft design with a moderate amount of loft. On the other hand, longer irons will have a decent shaft with a less amount of loft.

That means longer Iron will ensure optimum support on the fairway, whereas shorter irons will be handy in the greenside area.

At the end of the day, it is your decision to carry the right Iron inside of your golf bag.

Comparison chart



Iron golf clubs come with a metal face design.

Wedges come also come with a metal face design.

Irons are unique with their own kind of construction.

Wedges are one kind of Iron.

Irons will have a longer shaft than a wedge.

Wedges will have a shorter shaft than an iron.

Irons will have less loft than wedges.

Wedges will have more loft than an iron.

Irons deliver essential distances for longer, mid, and shorter ranges.

Wedges enhance your performance in the shorter range of the game.

Irons are better for precision and accuracy.

Wedges are better for hazards, traps, and bunkers.

Irons will have 18 degrees to 45 degrees of loft.

Wedges will have 45 degrees to 64 degrees of loft angle.

Honing the skill of Irons is much easier than wedges.

Honing the skill of wedges is a little tough than Iron.

Which Iron and wedges should you carry inside of your golf bag?

The number of Irons and wedges are manifolds. That is why it becomes a little confusing for most beginner and amateur golfers to pick up the right Irons and wedges to put inside of their golf bag.

If you prefer carrying a longer Iron inside of your golf bag, 3-iron should be the coolest option as a beginner. If you are not comfortable with the longer Iron, you may also carry the equivalent hybrid to get distance and accuracy simultaneously. Another Iron you may take as a beginner is the 7-iron. It will help you to develop your short iron performance to a great extent.

On the other hand, Pitching Wedge is always a must that every golfer should carry while arranging the golf bag. Finally, you may also carry a lob wedge to get support in different critical situations.

Final words

Wedges are always a special type of Iron. The only difference is that instead of calling them Irons, we call them wedges. Brainstorm a little before you arrange your golf bag. You will do great if you can make the right decision.

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